Tamoxifen is used to treat certain types of breast cancer (eg, estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body [metastatic], early stage estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer after surgery and radiation treatment). It is also used to reduce the risk of invasive breast cancer in adult women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) after breast surgery and radiation treatment. Female hormones called estrogen, that occur naturally in the body can increase the growth of some breast cancers. Tamoxifen works by blocking the effects of estrogen in the body. This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'tamoxifen.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.
Commonly reported side effects of tamoxifen include: amenorrhea, fluid retention, hot flash, nausea, vaginal discharge, vaginal hemorrhage, weight loss, and skin changes. Other side effects include: infection, sepsis, alopecia, constipation, cough, diarrhea, edema, increased serum aspartate aminotransferase, infrequent uterine bleeding, menstrual disease, ostealgia, vomiting, and weight gain. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects. Applies to tamoxifen: oral solution, oral tablet Along with its needed effects, tamoxifen may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur while taking tamoxifen: Some side effects of tamoxifen may occur that usually do not need medical attention. "UK Summary of Product Characteristics." O 0Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Hormones are substances that function as chemical messengers in the body. They affect the actions of cells and tissues at various locations in the body, often reaching their targets through the bloodstream. The hormones estrogen and progesterone are produced by the ovaries in premenopausal women and by some other tissues, including fat and skin, in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women and men. Estrogen promotes the development and maintenance of female sex characteristics and the growth of long bones. Progesterone plays a role in the menstrual cycle and pregnancy. Estrogen and progesterone also promote the growth of some breast cancers, which are called hormone-sensitive (or hormone-dependent) breast cancers. Hormone-sensitive breast cancer cells contain proteins called hormone receptors that become activated when hormones bind to them.
Tamoxifen. Tamoxifen Nolvadex has been used for over 40 years to treat hormone-receptor positive early, locally advanced and metastatic breast cancers. Find patient medical information for Tamoxifen Oral on WebMD including its uses, side effects and safety, interactions, pictures, warnings and user ratings.