Ciprofloxacin is a strong, broad spectrum antibiotic that is used to treat bacterial infections. Broad spectrum means this antibiotic fights against a number of different strains of bacteria. Ciprofloxacin should only be used if other, more direct types of antibiotic are ineffective, since overuse of a broad spectrum antibiotic promotes the adaptation of existing bacteria into a stronger, more resilient strain. Ciprofloxacin should not be given if your pet has a known sensitivity or allergy to antibiotics. Dogs with damage to their central nervous system should take ciprofloxacin with caution, since it may increase the risk of seizures. Patients with kidney or liver disease should have their dosages adjusted based on their condition. Ciprofloxacin has been banned for use during pregnancy or in pets up to 8 months old, and in large dogs up to a year old. Quinolone carboxylic acid derivatives are synthetic antimicrobial agents. Nalidixic acid and its congener oxolinic acid have been used for treatment of urinary tract infections for years, whereas flumequine has been used successfully in several countries to control intestinal infections in livestock. Many broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents have been produced by modification of the various 4-quinolone ring structures. Known generically as quinolones or 4-quinolones, these drugs are derived from several closely related ring structures that have certain common features. Examples of the quinolone carboxylic acids and species in which they are approved are presented in Quinolones and Species Approvals in the USA. Nalidixic acid, considered a first-generation drug, is the earliest of the quinolones. In general, subsequent generations are based on spectrum, but this often reflects similar changes in chemical structure.
Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic used for the treatment of bacterial infections of the urinary tract, skin, respiratory tract, and wound infections due to susceptible organisms. This medication may also be used for purposes other than those listed here. Ciprofloxacin is sold per tablet and requires a prescription from your veterinarian. Cats and Dogs Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone, an antimicrobial medicine that kills bacteria by blocking bacterial DNA. Side effects may include loose stools and diarrhea. Cipro Tablets (Bayer) Ciprofloxacin Ciprofloxacin is a prescription medication that is not FDA-approved for veterinary use. Do not use ciprofloxacin in pets younger than one year of age. Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat difficult bacterial infections in pets. It is effective against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterias. It is commonly used for urinary tract infection, skin infections and respiratory infections. There are available forms meant to treat ear infections and eye infections as well. As with any antibiotic, make sure you finish all the medication given, even if the symptoms are no longer apparent. Ciprofloxacin works by preventing bacteria from being able to transcribe DNA. Ciprofloxacin makes it impossible for the enzyme associated with this task to read or uncoil the DNA, therefore killing the bacteria.
A professional monograph about Enrofloxacin for Veterinary Use by Barbara. as ciprofloxacin but enrofloxacin has been shown to have better bioavailability. Jun 7, 2016. Serious side effects or death can occur if you use drugs on your pet without your veterinarian's advice. Brand Name Cipro, Cipro XR. Available.