Cipro is a second-generation quinolone and prior to the availability of Levaquin, Cipro was the most frequently prescribed antibiotic for the initial symptoms of prostatitis. The drug comes in 250, 500 or 750 mg tablet forms, 5% or 10% oral solution and 200 mg or 400 mg vials for intravenous administration. For adults the usually prescribed dose is 500 mg twice daily for two to four weeks. Caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens, Proteus mirabilis, Providencia rettgeri, Morganella morganii, Citrobacter diversus, Citrobacter freundii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, or Enterococcus faecalis. Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis in females Caused by Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus saprophyticus Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis Caused by Escherichia coli or Proteus mirabilis In addition to the above listed indications Cipro has been used in a wide variety of skin, bone, joint, intra-abdominal infections with sensitive bacteria. Before the availability of drugs with fewer side effects Cipro was used for uncomplicated cervical and urethral gonorrhea. The most frequently reported drug related events from clinical trials were nausea (2.5%), diarrhea (1.6%), liver function tests abnormalities (1.3%), vomiting (1%), and rash (1%). In the great majority of the initial infections ushering in acute or chronic prostatitis, urethral and bladder symptoms are dominating. This includes bone and joint infections, intra abdominal infections, certain type of infectious diarrhea, respiratory tract infections, skin infections, typhoid fever, and urinary tract infections, among others. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat a wide variety of infections, including infections of bones and joints, endocarditis, gastroenteritis, malignant otitis externa, respiratory tract infections, cellulitis, urinary tract infections, prostatitis, anthrax, and chancroid. Ciprofloxacin only treats bacterial infections; it does not treat viral infections such as the common cold. For certain uses including acute sinusitis, lower respiratory tract infections and uncomplicated gonorrhea, ciprofloxacin is not considered a first-line agent. Ciprofloxacin occupies an important role in treatment guidelines issued by major medical societies for the treatment of serious infections, especially those likely to be caused by Gram-negative bacteria, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For example, ciprofloxacin in combination with metronidazole is one of several first-line antibiotic regimens recommended by the Infectious Diseases Society of America for the treatment of community-acquired abdominal infections in adults. In other cases, treatment guidelines are more restrictive, recommending in most cases that older, narrower-spectrum drugs be used as first-line therapy for less severe infections to minimize fluoroquinolone-resistance development.
Quinolone antibiotics (including ciprofloxacin) may cause serious and possibly permanent tendon damage (such as tendonitis, tendon rupture), nerve problems in the arms and legs (peripheral neuropathy), and nervous system problems. Get medical help right away if you have any of the following symptoms: pain/numbness/burning/tingling/weakness in your arms/hands/legs/feet, changes in how you sense touch/pain/temperature/vibration/body position, severe/lasting headache, vision changes, shaking (tremors), seizures, mental/mood changes (such as agitation, anxiety, confusion, hallucinations, depression, rare thoughts of suicide). Tendon damage may occur during or after treatment with this medication. Stop exercising, rest, and get medical help right away if you develop joint/muscle/tendon pain or swelling. Your risk for tendon problems is greater if you are over 60 years of age, if you are taking corticosteroids (such as prednisone), or if you have a kidney, heart, or lung transplant. This medication may make a certain muscle condition (myasthenia gravis) worse. Tell your doctor right away if you have new or worsening muscle weakness (such as drooping eyelids, unsteady walk) or trouble breathing. Cipro (ciprofloxacin) is a fluoroquinolone (flor-o-KWIN-o-lone) antibiotic that fights bacteria in the body. Ciprofloxacin is used to treat different types of bacterial infections. Cipro is also used to treat people who have been exposed to anthrax or certain types of plague. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics can cause serious or disabling side effects that may not be reversible. Cipro should be used only for infections that cannot be treated with a safer antibiotic. Stop using Cipro and call your doctor at once if you have symptoms such as: headache, hunger, irritability, numbness, tingling, burning pain, confusion, agitation, paranoia, problems with memory or concentration, thoughts of suicide, or sudden pain or movement problems in any of your joints. In rare cases, ciprofloxacin may cause damage to your aorta, which could lead to dangerous bleeding or death.
Cipro is licensed to treat a wide variety of bacterial infections in adults and children. Some of these infections Cipro is used to treat include pneumonia, sinus infections, and urinary tract infections. Cipro works by interfering with the bacteria's ability to grow and multiply. Cipro ciprofloxacin is a quinolone antibiotic. Cipro is available as a generic drug and is prescribed to treat infections of the skin, lungs, airways, bones, joints, and urinary tract infections caused by susceptible bacteria.