Ativan is a drug used to treat anxiety disorders, which is usually prescribed for occasional and short-term anxiety. However, it is also used for other purposes other than of the prescribed. It belongs to a group of drugs called benzodiazepines. Like Ativan, Xanax is also used for treating anxiety disorders. However, it can also be effective for panic disorders and anxiety caused by depression. Being a benzodiazepine as well, Xanax shares the feature of being only for short-term anxiety attacks, but it can be used long-term for panic attacks. As they belong to the same group of drugs, they affect the brain the same manner. Lorazepam has anxiety-reducing effects and its best-known indication is the short-term management of severe anxiety. In the US, the FDA advises against use of benzodiazepines such as lorazepam for longer than four weeks. Lorazepam can effectively reduce agitation and induce sleep, and the duration of effects from a single dose makes it an appropriate choice for the short-term treatment of insomnia, especially in the presence of severe anxiety or night terrors. Lorazepam's anticonvulsant properties and pharmacokinetic profile, make intravenous use reliable for terminating acute seizures, but induces prolonged sedation. Oral benzodiazepines, including lorazepam are occasionally used as long-term prophylactic treatment of resistant absence seizures; because of gradual tolerance to their anti-seizure effects, benzodiazepines such as lorazepam are not considered first-line therapies. Lorazepam's anticonvulsant and CNS depressant properties are useful for the treatment and prevention of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. In this setting, impaired liver function is not a hazard with lorazepam, since lorazepam does not require oxidation, hepatic or otherwise, for its metabolism. Lorazepam is sometimes used for individuals receiving mechanical ventilation.
Ativan versus Xanax, the duel of two benzodiazepine medications that both come with their issues. Learn more about each one here. Lorazepam, sold under the brand name Ativan among others, is a benzodiazepine medication. However, phenobarbital has a superior success rate compared to lorazepam and other drugs, at least in the elderly. Lorazepam's anticonvulsant.