Propranolol is used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. Lowering blood pressure may reduce the risk of stroke and heart attacks. Propranolol is also used to treat severe chest pain (angina), migraine headaches, or hypertrophic subaortic stenosis (thickened heart muscle). This medicine may also be used to treat irregular heartbeats, tremors, or pheochromocytoma (adrenal gland tumor). Propranolol is a type of medicine called a beta-blocker. These medicines work by blocking beta receptors that are found in various parts of the body, including the heart. Blocking beta receptors blocks the effect of two chemicals, noradrenaline and adrenaline. These are often referred to as the 'fight or flight' hormones because they're responsible for producing the body's reaction to stressful situations. By blocking beta receptors in the heart, propranolol makes the heart beat slower and less forcefully. This reduces the pressure at which blood is pumped out of the heart and so lowers blood pressure. It also means that the heart doesn't use as much energy to pump the blood around the body.
Propranolol is a drug that is commonly used to treat high blood pressure. Like all other medications though, propranolol too has its side effects. This article explores some of the known problems of introducing propranolol into the human body. Propranolol is a medicine that falls in a class of drugs known as beta-blockers, and it is primarily used for the treatment of hypertension, or high blood pressure. Like any other class of medication, propranolol too has its side effects, especially if the drug does not suit the body type of a certain person. They are quite commonly seen, and if the injection of this drug coincides with some other condition, like pregnancy, asthma, diabetes, or phaeochromocytoma, then the resulting complexities can be quite difficult to deal with. Propranolol is usually used either alone, or in combination with some other drugs and medications to treat cases of high blood pressure, rapid heart rate, angina, chest pain related to coronary artery disease, migraines and thyrotoxicosis. While once a first-line treatment for hypertension, the role for beta blockers was downgraded in June 2006 in the United Kingdom to fourth-line, as they do not perform as well as other drugs, particularly in the elderly, and evidence is increasing that the most frequently used beta blockers at usual doses carry an unacceptable risk of provoking type 2 diabetes. Propranolol is not recommended for the treatment of hypertension by the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8) because a higher rate of the primary composite outcome of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke compared to an angiotensin receptor blocker was noted in one study. Propranolol works to inhibit the actions of norepinephrine, a neurotransmitter that enhances memory consolidation. In one small study individuals given propranolol immediately after trauma experienced fewer stress-related symptoms and lower rates of PTSD than respective control groups who did not receive the drug. Due to the fact that memories and their emotional content are reconsolidated in the hours after they are recalled/re-experienced, propranolol can also diminish the emotional impact of already formed memories; for this reason, it is also being studied in the treatment of specific phobias, such as arachnophobia, dental fear, and social phobia. Ethical and legal questions have been raised surrounding the use of propranolol-based medications for use as a "memory damper", including: altering memory-recalled evidence during an investigation, modifying behavioral response to past (albeit traumatic) experiences, the regulation of these drugs, and others. However, Hall and Carter have argued that many such objections are "based on wildly exaggerated and unrealistic scenarios that ignore the limited action of propranolol in affecting memory, underplay the debilitating impact that PTSD has on those who suffer from it, and fail to acknowledge the extent to which drugs like alcohol are already used for this purpose." Propranolol may be used to treat severe infantile hemangiomas (IHs).
Aug 22, 2017. The most common side-effects are feeling tired, cold hands and feet. Propranolol tablets are usually prescribed to be taken in divided doses. Pediatric. Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of propranolol capsules, extended-release capsules, and tablets in.